Peruu asekuningriik

Vaata ka artiklit Peruu asekuningate loend.

Peruu Asekuningriik (hispaania keeles Virreinato del Perú; ametlikult Peruu Kuningriik) oli aastal 1542 rajatud Hispaania haldusringkond, mis asus algselt tänapäeva Peruu ning enamiku Hispaania Lõuna-Ameerika aladel. Peruu Asekuningriigi pealinn oli Lima. Tegu oli ühega kokku kahest Hispaania asekuningriigist Lõuna-Ameerikas 16.–18. sajandini.

Peruu Asekuningriik


Virreinato del Perú
1542–1824
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg
Old Coat of arms of Lima.svg
Hispaania lipp
(1785–1873)
Lima vapp
Map of the Viceroyalty of Peru.svg
Valitsusvorm monarhia
Osa Hispaania koloniaalimpeeriumi asekuningriik
Hispaania kuningas Carlos I
(esimene, 1544–1546)
Fernando VII
(viimane, 1816–1824)
Asekuningas Blasco Núñez Vela
(esimene, 1544–1546)
José de la Serna de Hinojosa
(viimane, 1821–1824)
Pealinn Lima
(1535–1821)
Cusco
(1821–1824)
Religioon Katoliiklus
Riigikeeled Hispaania
Peamised keeled Ketšua
Kichwa
Aimara
Puquina
Rahaühik Hispaania dollar
Deviis "Plus ultra"
(ladina keelest: "Edasi kaugemale")
Hümn "Marcha Real"
(hispaania keelest 'kuninglik marss')

Eelnev Järgnev
Uusinkade Riik
Uus-Kastiilia Kubermang
Uus-Toledo Kubermang
Tierra Firme Provints
Uus-Andaluusia Kubermang
Tšiili Kuningriik
Guayaquili Vaba Provints
Peruu Protektoraat
Uus-Granada Asekuningriik
Río de la Plata Asekuningriik

Hispaania ei hakanud vastu Portugali laienemisele üle Tordesillase lepinguga sätestatud piiri. Kuna Porgual oli aastatel 1580–1640 Hispaania kontrolli all, ei olnud lepingu järgimisel enam mõtet. 18. sajandil loodi Peruu Asekuningriigi alade kulul Uus-Granada ja Río de la Plata asekuningriigid ning tulud Andide kaubandusest läksid Limast Buenos Airese kätte. Kaevandus- ja kangasektorite allakäik andis Peruu Asekuningriigi laostumisele hoogu. 19. sajandi alguses tõstsid Lõuna-Ameerikas pead iseseisvusliikumised ning Peruu Asekuningriik likvideeriti ühes suure osaga Hispaania koloniaalimpeeriumist. Selle tulemusel iseseisvusid peale Peruule ka näiteks tänapäeva Tšiili, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Boliivia, Paraguay, Uruguay ja Argentina, mis kõik olid varem Peruu Asekuningriigi osad olnud.

Vaata kaRedigeeri

KirjandusRedigeeri

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VälislingidRedigeeri