Hughesi medal

Hughesi medali on teadusauhind, mida annab välja Londoni Kuninglik Selts "tunnustusena originaalse avastuse eest füüsikateaduste, eriti elektri ja magnetismi vallas või nende rakenduste eest".[1] David E. Hughesi järgi nimetuse saanud medal antakse koos 1000 naela suuruse rahalise preemiaga. Medal anti esmakordselt 1902. aastal Joseph John Thomsonile "arvukate panuste eest elektriteadusesse, eriti gaaside elektrilahenduse nähtuste uurimise eest". Kokku on auhinda välja antud üle saja korra. Erinevalt teistest Kuningliku Seltsi teadusauhindadest ei ole Hughesi medalit mitu korda antud samale isikule.

Hughesi medali esikülg
JJ Thomson, kes võitis esimese Hughesi medali 1902. aastal

Üksikutel aastatel on medali saanud mitu inimet korraga. 1938. aastal võitsid selle John Cockcroft ja Ernest Walton[2], 1981. aastal Peter Higgs ja Tom Kibble, 1982. aastal Drummond Matthews ja Frederick Vine ning 1988. aastal Archibald Howie ja MJ Whelan.

Medali saajate loendRedigeeri

Allikas: Kuninglik Selts

Aasta Nimi Viide
1902 Thomson, Joseph JohnJoseph John Thomson [3]
1903 Hittorf, Johann WilhelmJohann Wilhelm Hittorf [4]
1904 Swan, JosephJoseph Swan [5]
1905 Righi, AugustoAugusto Righi [6]
1906 Ayrton, HerthaHertha Ayrton [7]
1907 Griffiths, Ernest HowardErnest Howard Griffiths [8]
1908 Goldstein, EugenEugen Goldstein [9]
1909 Glazebrook, RichardRichard Glazebrook [10][11]
1910 Fleming, John AmbroseJohn Ambrose Fleming [12]
1911 Wilson, CharlesCharles Wilson [13]
1912 Duddell, WilliamWilliam Duddell [14]
1913 Bell, Alexander GrahamAlexander Graham Bell [15]
1914 Townsend, John SealyJohn Sealy Townsend [16]
1915 Langevin, PaulPaul Langevin [17]
1916 Thomson, ElihuElihu Thomson [18]
1917 Barkla, CharlesCharles Barkla [19]
1918 Langmuir, IrvingIrving Langmuir [20]
1919 Chree, CharlesCharles Chree [21]
1920 Richardson, OwenOwen Richardson [22]
1921 Bohr, NielsNiels Bohr [23]
1922 , Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston [24]
1923 Millikan, RobertRobert Millikan [25]
1924 zzzzEi antud välja
1925 Smith, Frank EdwardFrank Edward Smith [26]
1926 Jackson, HenryHenry Jackson [27]
1927 Coolidge, WilliamWilliam Coolidge [28]
1928 Broglie, Maurice deMaurice de Broglie [29]
1929 Geiger, HansHans Geiger [30]
1930 Raman, Chandrasekhara V.Chandrasekhara V. Raman [31]
1931 Bragg, William LawrenceWilliam Lawrence Bragg [32]
1932 Chadwick, JamesJames Chadwick [33]
1933 Appleton, Edward VictorEdward Victor Appleton [34]
1934 Siegbahn, ManneManne Siegbahn [35]
1935 Davisson, ClintonClinton Davisson [36]
1936 Schottky, Walter H.Walter H. Schottky [37]
1937 Lawrence, ErnestErnest Lawrence [38]
1938 Cockcroft, JohnJohn Cockcroft ja Walton, ErnestErnest Walton [39]
1939 Thomson, George PagetGeorge Paget Thomson [40]
1940 Compton, ArthurArthur Compton [41]
1941 Mott, NevillNevill Mott [42]
1942 Fermi, EnricoEnrico Fermi
1943 Oliphant, MarcusMarcus Oliphant [43]
1944 Finch, GeorgeGeorge Finch [44]
1945 Schonland, BasilBasil Schonland [45]
1946 Randall, JohnJohn Randall
1947 Joliot-Curie, FrédéricFrédéric Joliot-Curie [46]
1948 Watson-Watt, RobertRobert Watson-Watt
1949 Powell, CecilCecil Powell [47]
1950 Born, MaxMax Born [48]
1951 Kramers, HendrikHendrik Kramers
1952 Dee, PhilipPhilip Dee
1953 Bullard, EdwardEdward Bullard [49]
1954 Ryle, MartinMartin Ryle [50]
1955 Massey, HarrieHarrie Massey
1956 Lindemann, FrederickFrederick Lindemann [51]
1957 Proudman, JosephJoseph Proudman [52]
1958 da Costa Andrade, EdwardEdward da Costa Andrade
1959 Pippard, BrianBrian Pippard
1960 Pawsey, JosephJoseph Pawsey
1961 Cottrell, AlanAlan Cottrell [53]
1962 Bleaney, BrebisBrebis Bleaney [54]
1963 Williams, FredericFrederic Williams
1964 Salam, AbdusAbdus Salam [55]
1965 Wilkinson, DenysDenys Wilkinson
1966 Kemmer, NicholasNicholas Kemmer [56]
1967 Mendelssohn, KurtKurt Mendelssohn [57]
1968 Dyson, FreemanFreeman Dyson [58]
1969 Kurti, NicholasNicholas Kurti [59]
1970 Bates, DavidDavid Bates [60]
1971 Brown, Robert HanburyRobert Hanbury Brown [61]
1972 Josephson, Brian DavidBrian David Josephson [62]
1973 Hirsch, PeterPeter Hirsch [63]
1974 Fowler, PeterPeter Fowler [64]
1975 Dalitz, RichardRichard Dalitz [65]
1976 Hawking, StephenStephen Hawking [66]
1977 Hewish, AntonyAntony Hewish [67]
1978 Cochran, WilliamWilliam Cochran [68]
1979 Williams, Robert J. P.Robert J. P. Williams [69]
1980 Farley, FrancisFrancis Farley
1981 Higgs, PeterPeter Higgs and Kibble, TomTom Kibble [70]
1982 Matthews, DrummondDrummond Matthews and Vine, FrederickFrederick Vine [71]
1983 Ward, JohnJohn Ward [72]
1984 Kerr, RoyRoy Kerr [73]
1985 Skyrme, TonyTony Skyrme
1986 Woolfson, MichaelMichael Woolfson
1987 Pepper, MichaelMichael Pepper
1988 Howie, ArchibaldArchibald Howie ja Whelan, M. J.M. J. Whelan
1989 Bell, John StewartJohn Stewart Bell [74]
1990 Cowling, Thomas GeorgeThomas George Cowling [75]
1991 Moon, PhilipPhilip Moon [76]
1992 Seaton, MichaelMichael Seaton [72]
1993 Isaak, GeorgeGeorge Isaak [77]
1994 Chambers, Robert G.Robert G. Chambers
1995 Shoenberg, DavidDavid Shoenberg
1996 Buckingham, AmyandAmyand Buckingham [78]
1997 Lang, AndrewAndrew Lang [79]
1998 Hide, RaymondRaymond Hide [80]
1999 Boksenberg, AlexanderAlexander Boksenberg [81]
2000 Rao, ChintamaniChintamani Rao [82]
2001 Pethica, JohnJohn Pethica [83]
2002 Dalgarno, AlexanderAlexander Dalgarno
2003 Edwards, PeterPeter Edwards [84]
2004 Clarke, JohnJohn Clarke
2005 Moffatt, KeithKeith Moffatt [85]
2006 Kelly, MichaelMichael Kelly
2007 Ekert, ArturArtur Ekert [86]
2008 Dougherty, MicheleMichele Dougherty
2009 Ei antud välja
2010 Geim, AndreAndre Geim
2011 Rosseinsky, MatthewMatthew Rosseinsky
2013 Sirringhaus, HenningHenning Sirringhaus
2015 Efstathiou, GeorgeGeorge Efstathiou
2017 Bruce, PeterPeter Bruce
2018 Durrant, JamesJames Durrant
2019 Cooper, AndrewAndrew Cooper
2020 Grey, ClareClare Grey

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