Erinevus lehekülje "Qāsem Soleymānī" redaktsioonide vahel

neutraalsuse mõttes konteksti juurde, ei olnud mingi suvaline reakindral
(neutraalsuse mõttes konteksti juurde, ei olnud mingi suvaline reakindral)
| Täisnimi =
| Sünninimi =
| Hüüdnimi = "[[Hadži]] Qasem" (toetajate seas)<ref name="vlCOA" /> <br/> "Varikomandör" (läänes)<ref name="aMDAq" /><ref name="Mjve0" /><ref name="yLLRv" /><ref name="tAUId" /><ref name="1KMWC" />
| Hüüdnimi = "[[Hadži]] Qasem" (toetajate seas)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://en.abna24.com/cultural/archive/2015/03/10/675792/story.html|title=Qassem Suleimani not Just a Commander! – Taking a Closer Look at Religious Character of Iranian General|date=10. märts 2015|publisher=abna24|accessdate=14. juuli 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171010074253/http://en.abna24.com/cultural/archive/2015/03/10/675792/story.html|archive-date=10. oktoober 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref> <br/> "Varikomandör" (läänes)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the-shadow-commander|title=The Shadow Commander|author=Dexter Filkins|date=30. september 2013|work=The New Yorker|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150331221117/http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the-shadow-commander|archive-date=31. märts 2015|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/irans-shadow-commander-steps-into-the-limelight/381558/|title=Iran's 'Shadow Commander' Steps Into the Light|author=Joanna Paraszczuk|date=16. oktoober 2014|work=The Atlantic|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171010074750/https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/irans-shadow-commander-steps-into-the-limelight/381558/|archive-date=10. oktoober 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://businessweekme.com/Bloomberg/newsmid/190/newsid/272|title=Iran's Shadow Commander|author=Kambiz Foroohar|accessdate=31. märts 2015|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150402142339/http://businessweekme.com/Bloomberg/newsmid/190/newsid/272|archivedate=2. aprill 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.realclearworld.com/2013/09/23/syrias_iranian_shadow_commander_151825.html|title=RealClearWorld - Syria's Iranian Shadow Commander|accessdate=31. märts 2015|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150924085158/http://www.realclearworld.com/2013/09/23/syrias_iranian_shadow_commander_151825.html|archivedate=24. september 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://observers.france24.com/content/20150306-iran-shadow-commander-suleimani-iraq|title=Iran's 'shadow commander' steps into the spotlight|work=The Observers|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150708062520/http://observers.france24.com/content/20150306-iran-shadow-commander-suleimani-iraq|archive-date=8. juuli 2015|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| Sünniaeg = 11. märts 1957
| Sünnikoht = [[Qanāt-e Malek (Kermān)|Qanāt-e Malek]], [[Kermāni provints]], [[Pahlavī dünastia|Iraan]]
| Surmaaeg = 3. jaanuar 2020 (62-aastasena)<ref name="ZqT7I" /><ref name="Pxvmi" />
| Surmaaeg = 3. jaanuar 2020 (62-aastasena)<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Four-rockets-land-on-Baghdad-airport-report-612947|title=Qasem Soleimani among those killed in Baghdad Airport attack – report|work=[[Reuters]]|date=3. jaanuar 2020|access-date=3. jaanuar 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200103011829/https://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Four-rockets-land-on-Baghdad-airport-report-612947|archive-date=3. jaanuar 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://maailm.postimees.ee/6863352/iraagis-sai-raketirunnakus-surma-iraani-kindral-soleimani|title=Iraagis sai surma Iraani kindral Soleimani|work=[[Postimees]]|date=3. jaanuar 2020|access-date=3. jaanuar 2020}}</ref>
| Surmakoht = [[Bagdad]], [[Iraak]]
| Maetud =
| Juhitud_üksused = [[41. Tharallah diviis]] <br/> [[Al-Qudsi üksus|Al-Quds]]
| Sõjad/lahingud = {{peidetud|päis|
'''[[1979. aasta kurdide ülestõus Iraanis|Kurdide ülestõus (1979)]]''' <br/> '''[[Iraani-Iraagi sõda|Iraani-Iraagi sõda (1980–1988)]]'''<ref name="defamoghaddas">{{cite web|url=http://defamoghaddas.ir/fa/unit/%D9%84%D8%B4%DA%A9%D8%B1-41-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B9|publisher=defamoghaddas.ir|title=لشکر 41 ثارالله (ع) &#124; دفاع‌مقدس|accessdate=22. august 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170209012325/http://defamoghaddas.ir/fa/unit/%D9%84%D8%B4%DA%A9%D8%B1-41-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B9|archive-date=9. veebruar 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref> <br/> '''[[Iraani Kurdistani Demokraatliku Partei mäss (1989–1996)|HDKA mäss (1989–1996)]]''' <br/> '''[[Lõuna-Liibanoni konflikt (1985–2000)]]''' <br/> '''[[Afganistani sõda (2001–)|Afganistani sõda]]'''<ref name="Terra">{{cite web|url=http://noticias.terra.com.pe/mundo/el-irani-qasem-soleimani-el-hombre-mas-poderoso-en-irak,b6046158a64e8410VgnCLD200000b1bf46d0RCRD.html|title=El iraní Qasem Soleimani, "el hombre más poderoso en Irak"|work=Terra|access-date=11. oktoober 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141015185814/http://noticias.terra.com.pe/mundo/el-irani-qasem-soleimani-el-hombre-mas-poderoso-en-irak,b6046158a64e8410VgnCLD200000b1bf46d0RCRD.html|archive-date=15. oktoober 2014|url-status=live}}</ref> <br/> '''[[2006. aasta Iisraeli-Liibanoni konflikt|2006. aasta Liibanoni sõda]]''' <br/> '''[[Iraagi sõda]]''' <br/> '''[[Iraani-Iisraeli varisõda]]''' <br/> '''[[Süüria kodusõda]]''' <br/> '''[[Iraagi kodusõda (2014–2017)]]'''}}
| Sõjad/lahingud_silt =
| Autasud = [[Pilt:IRIA Zulfaqar Ribbon.svg|24px]] [[Zolfaghari orden]] (1)<ref>{{cite web|urlname=https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/03/11/590717/Qassem-Soleimani-Iran-Leader-Zulfaqar-Order|title=Leader"ftraS" awards General Soleimani with Iran's highest military order|publisher=[[Press TV]]|accessdate=11. märts 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190311150341/https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/03/11/590717/Qassem-Soleimani-Iran-Leader-Zulfaqar-Order|archive-date=11. märts 2019|url-status=live}}</ref> <br/> [[Pilt:Fath Medal 1st Order.jpg|24px]] [[Pilt:Fath Medal 1st Order.jpg|24px]] [[Pilt:Fath Medal 1st Order.jpg|24px]] [[Fathi orden]] (3)<ref name="medal">{{cite web|url=http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/204959/%D8%B9%DA%A9%D8%B3-%D9%85%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%84-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D9%87-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%82%D8%AF%D8%B3-%D8%B3%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%87%7ctitle=mashreghnews.ir%7cpublisher=|title=عکس/ مدال های فرمانده نیروی قدس سپاه|publisher=|accessdate=11. veebruar 2015}}</ref>
| Ausambad =
| Abikaasad =
| Moodul =
}}
'''Qasem Soleimani''' ([[pärsia keel]]es قاسم سلیمانی‎; 11. märts 1957 – 3. jaanuar 2020) oli [[Iraan]]i [[Islami revolutsiooniline kaardivägi|Islami revolutsioonilise kaardiväe]] [[kindralmajor]], kes alates 1998. aastast oli selle välisoperatsioonide üksuse [[Al-Qudsi üksus|Quds]] juht.<ref name="online.wsj.com">{{cite news|first1=Jay|last1=Solomon|first2=Siobhan|last2=Gorman|url=https://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303816504577305742884577460|title=Iran's Spymaster Soleimani Counters U.S. Moves in the Mideast|date=6. aprill 2012|work=[[Wall Street Journal]]|publisher=[[Dow Jones and Company]]|location=New York City|access-date=14. märts 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141022123935/http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303816504577305742884577460|archive-date=22. oktoober 2014|url-status=live}}</ref>
 
Soleimani teenistuskäik algas 1980. aastatel [[Iraani-Iraagi sõda|Iraani-Iraagi sõjaga]], kus ta juhtis [[41. Tharallah' diviis|41. diviisi]]. Hiljem teenis ta välisoperatsioonidel, aidates [[Şaddām Ḩusayn]]i-vastaseid [[Šiiidid|šiiite]] ja [[kurdid|kurde]] [[Baathistlik Iraak|Iraagis]], hiljem ka [[Ḩizb Allāh|Hezbollah]]'d [[Liibanon]]is ning [[Ḩamās|Hamas]]i [[Palestiina]]s. Aastal 2012 toetas Soleimani Iraani võtmeliitlase [[Süüria]] valitsust [[Süüria kodusõda|kodusõjas]], peamiselt lahingutes [[Iraagi ja Levandi Islamiriik|Islamiriigi]] (ISIL) vastu. Soleimani tegutses ISIL-i vastu ka aastatel 2014–2015, kui toetas [[Iraak|Iraagi]] valitsusvägede ja [[Rahva mobilisatsioonijõud|šiitlike jõudude]] pealetungi.<ref>{{cite web|urlname=http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2015/Mar-05/289654-from-the-east-iran-backed-force-advances-on-tikrit.ashx|title=From"mAKjc" the east, Iran-backed force advances on Tikrit|work=The Daily Star|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150403004100/http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2015/Mar-05/289654-from-the-east-iran-backed-force-advances-on-tikrit.ashx|archive-date=3. aprill 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>
 
Soleimani hukkus [[Ameerika Ühendriigid|Ameerika Ühendriikide]] raketirünnakus 3. jaanuaril 2020 Iraagi pealinnas [[Bagdad]]is. Rünnakuks andis käsu [[Ameerika Ühendriikide president|president]] [[Donald Trump]]<ref name="gnN9Y">[https://www.err.ee/1020086/iraani-revolutsioonikaardi-juht-kindral-soleimani-hukkus-usa-raketiloogis Iraani revolutsioonikaardi juht kindral Soleimani hukkus USA raketilöögis] err.ee uudised, 3. jaanuar 2020 (vaadatud 03.01.2020)</ref>, see korraldati [[Ameerika Ühendriikide Kongress|kongressi]] eelnevalt teavitamata<ref name="KDGxq">[https://www.err.ee/1020090/demokraadist-seadusandja-valitsus-ei-teavitanud-kongressi-runnakust-ette Demokraadist seadusandja: valitsus ei teavitanud kongressi rünnakust ette] err.ee uudised, 3. jaanuar 2020 (vaadatud 03.01.2020)</ref>. Koos Soleimaniga said rünnakus surma ka mitmed šiiitlike rahva mobilisatsioonijõudude liikmed.
 
Ameerika Ühendriigid on Soleimani juhitud Qudsi eriüksust klassifitseerinud terroriorganisatsiooniks. [[Ameerika Ühendriikide Kaitseministeerium]] ütles rünnakut põhjendades pressiteates, et Soleimani ja Quds on aastate jooksul tapnud Lähis-Idas sadu ja vigastanud tuhandeid USA sõdureid. Pressiteates öeldakse, et Soleiman on viimaste kuude jooksul korduvalt korraldanud rünnakuid USA baaside vastu Iraagis, kiites samuti heaks Ameerika Ühendriikid saatkonna ründamise Baghdadis 2019. aasta detsembri lõpus. Samuti tegeles ta Kaitseministeeriumi väitel aktiivselt uute USA diplomaatide ja sõjaväelaste vastu suunatud rünnakute planeerimisega.<ref>{{Netiviide |url=https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Releases/Release/Article/2049534/statement-by-the-department-of-defense/ |pealkiri=Statement by the Department of Defense |väljaandja=[[Ameerika Ühendriikid Kaitseministeerium]] |aeg=2. jaanuar 2019 |vaadatud=3. jaanuar 2019 |keel=inglise keeles}}</ref>
 
==Vaata ka==
 
==Viited==
{{viited}}|allikad=
<ref name="defamoghaddas">{{cite web|url=http://defamoghaddas.ir/fa/unit/%D9%84%D8%B4%DA%A9%D8%B1-41-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B9|publisher=defamoghaddas.ir|title=لشکر 41 ثارالله (ع) &#124; دفاع‌مقدس|accessdate=22. august 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170209012325/http://defamoghaddas.ir/fa/unit/%D9%84%D8%B4%DA%A9%D8%B1-41-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%B9|archive-date=9. veebruar 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
<ref name="Terra">{{cite web|url=http://noticias.terra.com.pe/mundo/el-irani-qasem-soleimani-el-hombre-mas-poderoso-en-irak,b6046158a64e8410VgnCLD200000b1bf46d0RCRD.html|title=El iraní Qasem Soleimani, "el hombre más poderoso en Irak"|work=Terra|access-date=11. oktoober 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141015185814/http://noticias.terra.com.pe/mundo/el-irani-qasem-soleimani-el-hombre-mas-poderoso-en-irak,b6046158a64e8410VgnCLD200000b1bf46d0RCRD.html|archive-date=15. oktoober 2014|url-status=live}}</ref>
<ref name="medal">{{cite web|url=http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/204959/%D8%B9%DA%A9%D8%B3-%D9%85%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%84-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D9%87-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D9%82%D8%AF%D8%B3-%D8%B3%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%87%7ctitle=mashreghnews.ir%7cpublisher=|title=عکس/ مدال های فرمانده نیروی قدس سپاه|publisher=|accessdate=11. veebruar 2015}}</ref>
<ref name="online.wsj.com">{{cite news|first1=Jay|last1=Solomon|first2=Siobhan|last2=Gorman|url=https://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303816504577305742884577460|title=Iran's Spymaster Soleimani Counters U.S. Moves in the Mideast|date=6. aprill 2012|work=[[Wall Street Journal]]|publisher=[[Dow Jones and Company]]|location=New York City|access-date=14. märts 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141022123935/http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303816504577305742884577460|archive-date=22. oktoober 2014|url-status=live}}</ref>
<ref name="vlCOA">{{cite web|url=http://en.abna24.com/cultural/archive/2015/03/10/675792/story.html|title=Qassem Suleimani not Just a Commander! – Taking a Closer Look at Religious Character of Iranian General|date=10. märts 2015|publisher=abna24|accessdate=14. juuli 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171010074253/http://en.abna24.com/cultural/archive/2015/03/10/675792/story.html|archive-date=10. oktoober 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
<ref name="aMDAq">{{cite web|url=http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the-shadow-commander|title=The Shadow Commander|author=Dexter Filkins|date=30. september 2013|work=The New Yorker|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150331221117/http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the-shadow-commander|archive-date=31. märts 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>
<ref name="Mjve0">{{cite web|url=https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/irans-shadow-commander-steps-into-the-limelight/381558/|title=Iran's 'Shadow Commander' Steps Into the Light|author=Joanna Paraszczuk|date=16. oktoober 2014|work=The Atlantic|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171010074750/https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/10/irans-shadow-commander-steps-into-the-limelight/381558/|archive-date=10. oktoober 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
<ref name="yLLRv">{{cite web|url=http://businessweekme.com/Bloomberg/newsmid/190/newsid/272|title=Iran's Shadow Commander|author=Kambiz Foroohar|accessdate=31. märts 2015|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150402142339/http://businessweekme.com/Bloomberg/newsmid/190/newsid/272|archivedate=2. aprill 2015}}</ref>
<ref name="tAUId">{{cite web|url=http://www.realclearworld.com/2013/09/23/syrias_iranian_shadow_commander_151825.html|title=RealClearWorld - Syria's Iranian Shadow Commander|accessdate=31. märts 2015|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150924085158/http://www.realclearworld.com/2013/09/23/syrias_iranian_shadow_commander_151825.html|archivedate=24. september 2015}}</ref>
<ref name="1KMWC">{{cite web|url=http://observers.france24.com/content/20150306-iran-shadow-commander-suleimani-iraq|title=Iran's 'shadow commander' steps into the spotlight|work=The Observers|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150708062520/http://observers.france24.com/content/20150306-iran-shadow-commander-suleimani-iraq|archive-date=8. juuli 2015|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| Surmaaeg <ref name= 3. jaanuar 2020 (62-aastasena)<ref"ZqT7I">{{Cite web|url=https://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Four-rockets-land-on-Baghdad-airport-report-612947|title=Qasem Soleimani among those killed in Baghdad Airport attack – report|work=[[Reuters]]|date=3. jaanuar 2020|access-date=3. jaanuar 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200103011829/https://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Four-rockets-land-on-Baghdad-airport-report-612947|archive-date=3. jaanuar 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://maailm.postimees.ee/6863352/iraagis-sai-raketirunnakus-surma-iraani-kindral-soleimani|title=Iraagis sai surma Iraani kindral Soleimani|work=[[Postimees]]|date=3. jaanuar 2020|access-date=3. jaanuar 2020}}</ref>
<ref name="Pxvmi">{{Cite web|url=https://maailm.postimees.ee/6863352/iraagis-sai-raketirunnakus-surma-iraani-kindral-soleimani|title=Iraagis sai surma Iraani kindral Soleimani|work=[[Postimees]]|date=3. jaanuar 2020|access-date=3. jaanuar 2020}}</ref>
<ref name="ftraS">{{cite web|url=https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/03/11/590717/Qassem-Soleimani-Iran-Leader-Zulfaqar-Order|title=Leader awards General Soleimani with Iran's highest military order|publisher=[[Press TV]]|accessdate=11. märts 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190311150341/https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/03/11/590717/Qassem-Soleimani-Iran-Leader-Zulfaqar-Order|archive-date=11. märts 2019|url-status=live}}</ref>
<ref name="mAKjc">{{cite web|url=http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2015/Mar-05/289654-from-the-east-iran-backed-force-advances-on-tikrit.ashx|title=From the east, Iran-backed force advances on Tikrit|work=The Daily Star|accessdate=31. märts 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150403004100/http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2015/Mar-05/289654-from-the-east-iran-backed-force-advances-on-tikrit.ashx|archive-date=3. aprill 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>
<ref name="gnN9Y">[https://www.err.ee/1020086/iraani-revolutsioonikaardi-juht-kindral-soleimani-hukkus-usa-raketiloogis Iraani revolutsioonikaardi juht kindral Soleimani hukkus USA raketilöögis] err.ee uudised, 3. jaanuar 2020 (vaadatud 03.01.2020)</ref>
<ref name="KDGxq">[https://www.err.ee/1020090/demokraadist-seadusandja-valitsus-ei-teavitanud-kongressi-runnakust-ette Demokraadist seadusandja: valitsus ei teavitanud kongressi rünnakust ette] err.ee uudised, 3. jaanuar 2020 (vaadatud 03.01.2020)</ref>
}}
 
==Välislingid==