Monofoonia (helitehnika): erinevus redaktsioonide vahel

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Tühistati kasutaja 90.190.30.160 (arutelu) tehtud muudatused ja pöörduti tagasi viimasele muudatusele, mille tegi Iifar.
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Märgised: Mobiilimuudatus Mobiiliveebi kaudu
P (Tühistati kasutaja 90.190.30.160 (arutelu) tehtud muudatused ja pöörduti tagasi viimasele muudatusele, mille tegi Iifar.)
Märgis: Tühistamine
{{See artikkel| on monofooniast helitehnikas. Muusika faktuuritüübi kohta vaata artiklit "[[Monofoonia]]".}}
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'''Monofoonia''' (kreeka keeles ''μονοφωνία'') ehk '''monofooniline heli''' ehk '''monoheli''' (kreeka keeles ''μονοφωνικός ήχος'', inglise keeles ''monophonic sound'', ''monaural'') ehk '''mono''' (inglise keeles ''mono'') on [[helitehnika]]s [[heli]] edastamine või salvestamine ühe [[signaal]]i abil.
 
Monofoonilise heliedastuse puhul läheb suures osas kaduma heliallikate ruumilise paiknemise tajumise võimalikkus, mis on teatud määral olemas [[Stereofoonia|stereofoonilise heliedastuse]] korral.
 
Monofoonilise heli taasesitamisel ühe valjuhääldi abil tekib selle kui heli punktallika taju. See on kuulaja jaoks eksitav, kuna kõik originaalses helipildis olevad heliallikad tunduvad asuvat just selles punktis või seda läbival kuulajast lähtuval sirgjoonel.
 
Ingliskeelne ''monaural'' (kreeka ''μόνος'' + ladina ''auris'') tähendaski algselt ühe kõrva või kõrvaklapi (kuulari, telefoni) abil kuulamist. Reaalselt kuulatakse ka monofoonilist heli siiski kahe kõrvaga. Sellega kaasneb hulk probleeme, millest osa tuleneb kuulmise füsioloogiast.
 
Monofoonilise heli meeldivamaks muutmiseks kasutatakse pseudostereofoonilise ja kvaasistereofoonilise heli tekitamise võtteid. Lihtsamal juhul tähendab see monofoonilise helisignaali taasesitamist mitme ruumis laiemalt paigutatud valjuhääldi abil. Seda võtet kasutati, näiteks, [[radioola]]de [[Estonia (raadiovastuvõtja)|Estonia-2 ja Estonia-3]] puhul. Stereofoonilise heliedastuse ja helisalvestuse levides 1960-ndatel kaotasid need võtted tähtsuse.
 
== Monofoonia tehnikas ja heliülekandes ==