Erinevus lehekülje "Harilik kakaopuu" redaktsioonide vahel

===Kakao-oad===
Kakaovili sisaldab 20-50 mandlisuurust seemet, need eraldatakse viljadest käsitsi töötlemise käigus.<ref>'''ingl k ''', H.-D. Belitz, Werner Grosch, Peter Schieberle'', 2009, ISBN: 978-3-540-69933-0 ,[ http://books.google.ee/books?id=xteiARU46SQC&pg=PA961&lpg=PA961&dq=chemical+consistency+of+cacao+bean&source=bl&ots=HzKrhSTRnI&sig=-cqAECjjPDtpArrwynJqGRM_HGc&hl=et&sa=X&ei=ICtcUanUIIeu0QWnzoHYDw&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=chemical%20consistency%20of%20cacao%20bean&f=false Google`i raamat]</ref>
Kakaoviljad peale saagikoristuse järgset töötlemist, ja on 2-8 päeva kas päikese käes ehk spetsiaalsetes kuivatites fermenteerimist, kannavad nimetust kakaooad.<ref>'''ingl k ''', A.Bertazzo Ph.D., S. Comai Ph.D., F. Mangiarini Ph.D., S. Chen Ph.D., '' Composition of Cacao Beans'', Chocolate in Health and Nutrition, Nutrition and Health Volume 7, 2013, pp 105-117, [</ref>,<ref>'''ingl k ''', R. Ross. Watson, V. R. Preedy, S.Zibadi, ''Chocolate in Health and Nutrition'', 2013, ISBN: 978-1-61779-802-3, </ref>, http://jacbooks.oxfordjournalsgoogle.orgee/content/51/2/241books?id=FHKJPptwqYsC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Composition+of+Cocoa+Beans+A.Bertazzo&source=bl&ots=U1EX-z5rp5&sig=wkcsmFoLUL47SB8lie7HlD0Tb0o&hl=et&sa=X&ei=aHNcUfWTFuWI0AXhr4GwDQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Composition%20of%20Cocoa%20Beans%20A.full]Bertazzo&f=false Google`i raamat</ref>
‘Leão De Ouro’ istanduses, Ilhéuses, Brasiilias, 30 h peale kakaoubade fermentatsiooni algust võetud kontroll-näidise füloegeneetiline uuring tuvastas rikkama mikrofloora, kui algselt arvatud:<ref>'''ingl k ''', K. Illeghems,L. De Vuyst, Z. Papalexandratou, S. Weckx, ''Phylogenetic Analysis of a Spontaneous Cocoa Bean Fermentation Metagenome Reveals New Insights into Its Bacterial and Fungal Community Diversity'', [http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0038040 Uurimus]</ref>, <ref>'''ingl k ''',M. Sánchez-Hervás, J.V. Gil, F. Bisbal, D. Ramón, P.V. Martínez-Culebras, ''Mycobiota and mycotoxin producing fungi from cocoa beans'', International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol 125, 3, 2008, Pg 336-340, [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168160508002225]</ref>
====Keemiline koostis====
Kakaopuudelt korjatud kakaoseemned ja nendest valmsitatud erinevad taimsed tooted on sõltuvalt kasutatud tehnikatest ning meetodidest ja tarbimisviisidest suuresti varieeruva keemilise koostisega. Nii on farmakognoosias pakkunud huvi kakaoubades leiduvad [[looduslikud ühendid]] ning kasutamine ja kakaopuu viljade raviomadused inimeste tarbeks.
Seemned sisaldavad: <ref>A.Raal, ''Farmakognoosia'', 2010, lk 97-99, Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, ISBN 978-9949-19-412-4</ref>, <ref>[http://www.liberherbarum.com/Pn0637.htm]</ref>,<ref>'''ingl k ''', A.Bertazzo Ph.D., S. Comai Ph.D., F. Mangiarini Ph.D., S. Chen Ph.D., '' Composition of Cacao Beans'', Chocolate in Health and Nutrition, Nutrition and Health Volume 7, 2013, pp 105-117, [http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/51/2/241.full]</ref>, <ref>'''ingl k ''', H.-D. Belitz, W. Grosch, P. Schieberle, Food Chemistry, 2009, ISBN: 978-3-540-69933-0,[http://books.google.ee/books?id=xteiARU46SQC&pg=PA961&lpg=PA961&dq=chemical+consistency+of+cacao+bean&source=bl&ots=HzKrhSTRnI&sig=-cqAECjjPDtpArrwynJqGRM_HGc&hl=et&sa=X&ei=ICtcUanUIIeu0QWnzoHYDw&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBjgK#v=onepage&q=chemical%20consistency%20of%20cacao%20bean&f=false Google`i raamat]</ref>, <ref>'''ingl k ''',C.L Keen, R. R Holt, P. I Oteiza, C. G Fraga, H. H Schmitz, ''Cocoa antioxidants and cardiovascular health'', Am J Clin Nutr January 2005 vol. 81 no. 1 298S-303S, [http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/81/1/298S.long Artikkel]</ref>, <ref>'''ingl k ''', C.E Hansen*, M del Olmo, C Burri, ''Enzyme activities in cocoa beans during fermentation'', DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199806)77:2<273::AID-JSFA40>3.0.CO;2-M, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 77, Issue 2, pages 273–281, June 1998, [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199806)77:2%3C273::AID-JSFA40%3E3.0.CO;2-M/abstract]</ref>, <ref>'''ingl k ''', R. Ross. Watson, V. R. Preedy, S.Zibadi, ''Chocolate in Health and Nutrition'', 2013, ISBN: 978-1-61779-802-3, </ref>, http://books.google.ee/books?id=FHKJPptwqYsC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Composition+of+Cocoa+Beans+A.Bertazzo&source=bl&ots=U1EX-z5rp5&sig=wkcsmFoLUL47SB8lie7HlD0Tb0o&hl=et&sa=X&ei=aHNcUfWTFuWI0AXhr4GwDQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Composition%20of%20Cocoa%20Beans%20A.Bertazzo&f=false Google`i raamat</ref>
*[[rasvaine]]id
*[[valgud|valke]]-[[albumiin]],[[globuliin]]([[trüpsiin]]i inhibiitor]]) jt
*[[vitamiinid|vitamiine]]
*[[mineraalained|mineraalaineid]]
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