Ava peamenüü

Muudatused

Lehekülg asendatud tekstiga ''''Hirvlased''' (''Cervidae'') on sõraliste (''Artiodactyla'') seltsi kuuluv sugukond. ==Levik== Hirvla...'
'''Hirvlased''' ( ''Cervidae '') on [[sõralised|sõraliste]] ( ''Artiodactyla '') [[Selts (bioloogia)|seltsi]] kuuluv [[Sugukond (bioloogia)|sugukond]].
 
==Levik==
Hirvlased on levinud peaaegu kõikjale, välja arvatud Kesk- ja [[Lõuna-AafrikasseAafrika]]sse ning Antarktisesse[[Antarktis]]esse.
 
[[Kategooria:Sõralised]]
==Süstemaatika (vajab redigeerimist!)==
Cervidae sugukond on organiseeritud järgnevalt:
 
'''Subfamily Muntiacinae (Muntjacs)'''
 
'''Genus Muntiacus:'''
 
Southern Red Muntjac or Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak)
 
Reeves's Muntjac or Chinese Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi)
Hairy-fronted Muntjac or Black Muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons)
Fea's Muntjac (Muntiacus feae)
 
Bornean Yellow Muntjac (Muntiacus atherodes)
Roosevelt's muntjac (Muntiacus rooseveltorum)
Gongshan muntjac (Muntiacus gongshanensis)
 
Giant Muntjac (Muntiacus vuquangensis)
Truong Son Muntjac (Muntiacus truongsonensis)
Leaf muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis)
 
Sumatran Muntjac (Muntiacus montanum)
 
Pu Hoat Muntjac (Muntiacus puhoatensis)
'''Genus Elaphodus:'''
 
Tufted deer (Elaphodus cephalophus)
 
'''Subfamily Cervinae''' (True Deer, Old World Deer):
 
'''Genus Cervus:'''
 
European Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)
Central Asian Red Deer (Cervus wallichi)
 
Elk (Cervus canadensis) (North American and Asian Elk; second largest deer in world; not to be confused with Moose, known as Elk in Europe)
 
Sika Deer (Cervus nippon)
 
'''Genus Przewalskium:'''
 
Thorold's deer, or white-lipped deer (Przewalskium albirostris)
 
'''Genus Rucervus:'''
 
Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)
 
Schomburgk's Deer (Rucervus schomburgki) (extinct, 1938)
Eld's Deer or Thamin (Rucervus eldii)
 
'''Genus Rusa:'''
 
Sambar (Rusa unicolor)
Sunda Sambar or Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis)
 
Philippine Sambar (Rusa mariannus)
 
Philippine Spotted Deer or Visayan Spotted Deer (Rusa alfredi) (smallest Old World deer)
 
'''Genus Axis:'''
 
'''Subgenus Axis:'''
 
Chital or Axis deer (Axis axis)
'''Subgenus Hyelaphus:'''
 
Hog Deer (Axis porcinus)
 
Calamian Deer (Axis calamianensis)
 
Bawean Deer (Axis kuhlii)
 
'''Genus Elaphurus:'''
 
Père David's Deer (Elaphurus davidianus)
 
'''Genus Dama:'''
 
Fallow Deer (Dama dama)
 
Persian fallow deer (Dama dama mesopotamica)
 
Sicilian fallow deer (Dama carburangelensis) †
 
'''Genus Megaloceros:'''
 
Giant Deer (Megaloceros giganteus) †[11]
Sardinian dwarf deer (Megaloceros cazioti) †
Pudú, the smallest species of deerSubfamily Hydropotinae (Water Deer)
 
'''Genus Hydropotes:'''
Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis)
 
'''Subfamily Odocoileinae/Capreolinae (New World Deer)'''
 
'''Genus Odocoileus:'''
 
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
 
Mule deer, or Black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
 
'''Genus Blastocerus:'''
 
Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomus)
 
'''Genus Ozotoceros:'''
 
Pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus)
'''Genus Mazama:'''
 
Red Brocket (Mazama americana)
 
Merida Brocket (Mazama bricenii)
 
Dwarf Brocket (Mazama chunyi)
 
Gray Brocket (Mazama gouazoubira)
 
Pygmy Brocket (Mazama nana)
 
Yucatan Brown Brocket (Mazama pandora)
Little Red Brocket (Mazama rufina)
 
'''Genus Pudu:'''
 
Northern Pudu (Pudu mephistophiles) (smallest deer in the world)
 
Southern Pudú (Pudu pudu)
 
'''Genus Hippocamelus:'''
 
Taruca or North Andean Deer (Hippocamelus antisensis)
 
Chilean Huemul or South Andean Deer (Hippocamelus bisulcus)
 
'''Genus Capreolus:'''
 
European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)
 
Siberian Roe Deer (Capreolus pygargus)
'''Genus Rangifer:'''
 
Caribou/Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)
 
'''Genus Alces:'''
 
Moose (Alces alces; called "Elk" outside North America) (largest deer in the world)
 
'''Genus Cervalces:'''
 
Stag-moose (Cervalces scotti) †
 
'''Unplaced'''
 
Genus †Dicrocerus (Oligocene)
 
Genus †Euprox (Oligocene)
 
Genus †Heteroprox (Oligocene)
104 896

muudatust